Once you have deployed Windows Server into your environment, including the specific roles for the features and functions you need, the next step is managing those servers. Windows Server includes a number of tools to help you understand your Windows Server environment, manage specific servers, fine-tune performance, and eventually automate many management tasks.
The tools you use to manage Windows Server instances depend, in large amount, on the types of systems you have deployed (Windows Server with Desktop Experience vs Server Core), physical versus virtual machines, and where your servers are located. Use the following information to perform basic management tasks on Windows Server.
Use the following table to determine which tools to use when.
|Install & run Windows Admin Center
|Run Server Manager on Windows Server
|Run Server Manager in RSAT on Windows 10
|Sitting at a Windows 10 PC
|Sitting at a Windows Server system running the desktop experience
|Sitting at a Windows Server system running Server Core
|X (install on Windows 10, use to manage Server Core)
|Sitting far away from my Windows Server system
|Sitting far away from my Windows Server system but it DOES have desktop experience
|Use RDS to remote into the server, then use Server Manager
In addition to the tools mentioned below, you can also use Remote Desktop Services to access on-premises, remote, and virtual servers. Then you can use Server Manager to perform management tasks.
Manage Windows Server systems and environments
A browser-based management app that enables on-premises administration of Windows Servers with no Azure or cloud dependency. Windows Admin Center (formerly called “Project Honolulu”) gives you full control over all aspects of your server infrastructure and is particularly useful for management on private networks that are not connected to the Internet. You can install Windows Admin Center on Windows 10, on a gateway server, or directly on the Windows Server system that you want to manage.
A management console included in the full installation of Windows Server. (It is not available for installs that don’t have UI – Server Core doesn’t include Server Manager.) Use Server Manager to install and remove server roles, add and remove remote servers, start and stop services, and view data gathered about your environment.
If your environment includes installations of Server Core or remote servers (either on-premises or virtual machines), you can use RSAT to manage those systems. RSAT includes Server Manager, so you can use it to manage all of your servers. Note that RSAT runs on Windows 10. You can’t install RSAT on Windows Server Core. You can also manage Server Core installations from the command line. See Basic administration tasks in Server Core
Use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to manage and deploy updates to the systems in your Windows Server environment.
Gather information about your environment
Setup and Boot Event Collection lets you designate a “collector” computer that can gather a variety of important events that occur on other computers when they boot or go through the setup process. You can then later analyze the collected events with Event Viewer, Message Analyzer, Wevtutil, or Windows PowerShell cmdlets.
Software Inventory Logging in Windows Server is a feature with a simple set of PowerShell cmdlets that help server administrators retrieve a list of the Microsoft software that is installed on their servers. It also provides the capability to collect and forward this data periodically over the network to a target web server, using the HTTPS protocol, for aggregation. Managing the feature, primarily for hourly collection and forwarding, is also done with PowerShell commands.
User Access Logging aggregates unique client device and user request events that are logged on a computer running Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, or Windows Server 2012 into a local database. These records are then made available (through a query by a server administrator) to retrieve quantities and instances by server role, by user, by device, by the local server, and by date. In addition, UAL also enables non-Microsoft software developers to instrument their UAL events to be aggregated.
Tune your Windows Server environment for performance
Review a set of guidelines that you can use to tune the server settings in Windows Server and obtain incremental performance or energy efficiency gains, especially when the nature of the workload varies little over time.
With Microsoft Server Performance Advisor (SPA), you can collect metrics to diagnose performance issues on Windows servers unobtrusively without adding software agents or reconfiguring production servers. SPA generates comprehensive performance reports and historical charts with recommendations.
Automate Windows Server management
Windows PowerShell is a command-line shel
l and scripting language designed to let you rapidly automate administrative tasks.
The Windows command-line tools are used to perform administrative tasks in Windows. You can use the command reference to familiarize yourself with the command-line tools, to learn about the command shell, and to automate command-line tasks by using batch files or scripting tools.
Automate Windows Server management
Native predictive analytics locally analyze Windows Server system data, such as performance counters and ETW events, helping IT administrators proactively detect and address problematic behavior in deployments.